the Arab Republic of Egypt


The Cradle of Civilization, A Nexus of Opportunity

Strategically located at the crossroads of Africa and Asia, Egypt has long been a center of culture, commerce, and civilization. With its millennia-old history, stretching from the Pharaohs, through Greek, Roman, Islamic, and modern periods, Egypt has always played a pivotal role in global affairs.

Cairo, the sprawling capital, is not just a political and cultural hub but also a testament to Egypt's rich tapestry of history, with its ancient pyramids juxtaposed against modern skyscrapers. The Nile, the world's longest river, has been the lifeblood of Egypt, fostering agriculture and civilizations along its banks.

Egypt's economy is one of the largest and most diversified in the Middle East. Historically reliant on agriculture and the Nile, the country has expanded into sectors like tourism, manufacturing, telecommunications, and IT. The Suez Canal, a vital waterway, plays a crucial role in global trade and underscores Egypt's strategic importance.



In recent years, Egypt has been focusing on economic reforms, infrastructural development, and promoting foreign investments. Special Economic Zones, technology parks, and new cities are being developed to propel Egypt into the next phase of growth and innovation.

The nation's rich cultural heritage, combined with its modern aspirations, offers a unique blend of opportunities for investors and businesses. From its burgeoning tech startups in Cairo to its tourism potential along the Red Sea coast, Egypt is a land of endless possibilities.

Key indicators



105.6 million
GDP per capita

GDP per capita

$12,930 (2022)
Nominal GDP

Nominal GDP

$398.4 billion (2022)
Purchasing Power Parity GDP

Purchasing Power Parity GDP

$1.81 trillion (2022)
Main export

Main export

Petroleum products (20% of exports)
Foreign direct investment

Foreign direct investment

$17.5 billion (2022)
Stock market capitalization

Stock market capitalization

$50.1 billion (2023)
GDP growth rate

GDP growth rate

6.6% (2022)

Egypt is a lower-middle-income country in North Africa. The country has a diverse economy, with major sectors including agriculture, industry, tourism, and services. Egypt is also a major producer of oil and gas.

The Egyptian government is committed to economic reform and diversification. The government is investing in infrastructure, education, and healthcare. The government is also working to improve the business climate and attract foreign investment.

Egypt's economy has been growing steadily in recent years. The country's GDP grew by 6.6% in 2022. However, Egypt's economy is facing a number of challenges, including inflation, unemployment, and poverty.

Egypt's business environment is improving, but there are still a number of challenges. The country ranks 119th out of 190 countries in the World Bank's Ease of Doing Business Index.

The main challenges to doing business in Egypt include:

  • Corruption: Corruption is a major problem in Egypt. The country ranks 114th out of 180 countries in Transparency International's Corruption Perception Index.
  • Bureaucracy: The Egyptian bureaucracy can be complex and time-consuming to navigate.
  • Infrastructure: Egypt's infrastructure is underdeveloped, which can make it difficult and expensive to transport goods and people.
  • Access to finance: Access to finance can be a challenge for businesses in Egypt, especially small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs).

Despite the challenges, Egypt offers a number of opportunities for businesses and investors. The country has a large and young population, a growing economy, and a government that is committed to economic reform.

Egypt's startup ecosystem is growing rapidly. There are a number of startup incubators and accelerators in Egypt, and the government is providing support to startups.

Some of the most promising sectors for startups in Egypt include:

  • Fintech: Egypt has a large and young population, and there is growing demand for fintech services.
  • E-commerce: E-commerce is growing rapidly in Egypt, as more and more people gain access to the internet and smartphones.
  • Education: Egypt's education system is underdeveloped, and there are opportunities for startups to develop new educational products and services.
  • Healthcare: Egypt's healthcare system is also underdeveloped, and there are opportunities for startups to develop new healthcare products and services.

Egypt's infrastructure is underdeveloped, but the government is investing heavily in new infrastructure projects. The government is also investing in the development of Egypt's digital economy.

Egypt has a nationwide 4G LTE network, and the government is planning to launch a 5G network in the coming years. Egypt also has a growing number of internet users, and the government is working to expand internet access to rural areas.

The government is also investing in new transportation infrastructure, such as roads, bridges, and airports. The government is also working to improve Egypt's energy infrastructure.

The development of Egypt's infrastructure is essential for economic growth. Better infrastructure will make it easier and cheaper to transport goods and people, and it will also make Egypt more attractive to foreign investors.

Egypt offers a number of opportunities for businesses and investors. The country has a large and young population, a growing economy, and a government that is committed to economic reform.

One of the key opportunities for businesses and investors in Egypt is in the infrastructure sector. The government is investing heavily in new infrastructure projects, such as roads, bridges, and power plants. This is creating new opportunities for businesses in the construction and engineering sectors.

Another opportunity for businesses and investors in Egypt is in the non-oil sector. The government is committed to economic diversification, and is investing in a number of sectors, including agriculture, manufacturing, and tourism. This is creating new opportunities for businesses in a wide range of sectors

Egypt is a country with a rich and ancient culture. The country's culture is influenced by its African, Arab, and Islamic heritage.

Egyptians are generally friendly and welcoming people. They are also very proud of their culture and heritage. Businesses and investors who are respectful of Egyptian culture will likely be successful in the country.

Here are some additional cultural insights for businesses and investors operating in Egypt:

  • Egyptians place a high value on family and community.
  • Egyptians are generally respectful of authority figures.
  • Egyptians prefer face-to-face meetings to email or phone calls.
  • Egyptians are known for their hospitality.
  • Egyptians are also known for their love of music and dance.

Businesses and investors who understand and respect Egyptian culture will be better positioned to succeed in the country.

Here are some specific tips for businesses and investors operating in Egypt:

  • Dress appropriately when meeting with Egyptian business people. Men should wear suits and ties, and women should wear conservative business attire.
  • Be prepared to spend time socializing before getting down to business. Egyptians value relationships, and it is important to build rapport with them before discussing business matters.
  • Be patient and understanding. Egyptians are generally relaxed and easy-going, but they can also be quite shrewd business people. It is important to be patient and to be prepared to negotiate.
  • Be honest and transparent. Egyptians value honesty and transparency in business dealings. Be prepared to be open and honest with them, and to be accountable for your actions.

By following these tips, businesses and investors can increase their chances of success in Egypt.

Here are some additional tips:

  • Be aware of the Islamic calendar and avoid scheduling meetings during major religious holidays.
  • Be respectful of Egyptian religious customs and traditions.
  • Be aware of the Egyptian dress code and avoid wearing revealing clothing.
  • Be mindful of your body language and avoid making gestures that could be considered offensive in Egypt.
Investment Landscape & Opportunities in Egypt

Investment Landscape & Opportunities in Egypt

Coming soon: A dedicated space for discovering investment opportunities in Africa's most promising start-ups and small to medium-sized enterprises. Here, you'll find a curated selection of businesses poised for growth, seeking the capital that will fuel their ascent.

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In the near future, you'll have access to a section focused on Real Estate Development, providing insights into Africa's real estate market with opportunities for residential, commercial, and industrial development.

Anticipate our upcoming exploration of the Cultural and Creative Industries, where you can invest in Africa's booming creative economy, from fashion and arts to film and music, driving cultural innovation and economic diversification.

Leading startups in Egypt

startups in Egypt

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